Warm hints: The word in this article is about 1627 and reading time is about 12 minutes. Guidance: Thirty-two years ago, it was born in a residential building in Shenzhen in the form of "Limited Company". At the beginning of its entrepreneurship, there were only five or six people with more than 20,000 venture capital. Ren Zhengfei, the boss, was a layman in communications manufacturing. Thirty-two years later, its products and services cover more than 170 countries, serving one third of the world's population, and 14 R&D centers have been established in North America, Europe, Japan, India and China. Among them, one of the three major businesses is the consumer business, which covers mobile phones, personal computers and tablets, wearable devices, mobile broadband terminals, home terminals and terminal clouds. In addition, it is the third largest smartphone manufacturer in the world. This company is Huawei.
Huawei is a unique Chinese company whose strength awes its international competitors. Today, Huawei, a technology company born and bred in China, is rated as one of the most successful multinational enterprises in China. From 5G communication technology to Hongmeng Operating System with independent intellectual property rights to Huawei AI technology, Huawei is presenting China’s innovative legend to all countries.
Huawei 5G Technology
“Million-level connection of 1 square kilometer”
On June 25, Huawei obtained China’s first 5G terminal telecommunications equipment access license, license number 001. The licensed product is Huawei’s 5G dual-mode mobile phone Mate 20X (5G). At present, telecom operators in various countries and regions around the world have adopted two main networking modes: 5G hybrid networking (NSA) and independent networking (SA), which are “dual-mode”. Huawei’s new mobile phone is the only 5G dual-mode mobile phone in the world that can support both 5G hybrid networking (NSA) and independent networking (SA) modes. Huawei has achieved more than just mobile phones in the development of 5G communication technology. By the end of March 2019, Huawei has invested more than 2000 experts and engineers in 5G research and development, and has established more than ten 5G research centers around the world. At present, the basic patents in 5G filed declared by Huawei to ETSI accounted for 20% of the global share in this field, ranking first in the world.
Fast speed, multi-connection and low delay are the three advantages of Hua5G technology.
“The capacity of 5G is 20 times that of 4G, 10,000 times that of 2G; the power consumption per bit is 10 times lower than that of 4G; the volume is reduced to 1/3, 70%. The 5G base station is only 20 kilograms. It’s as big as a suitcase for documents. It doesn’t need to build any more towers. It can be mounted on poles and hung on walls at will. When talking about the advantages of Huawei’s 5G technology, Ren Zhengfei, president of Huawei, told reporters in this newspaper, “There are many very old urban areas in Europe that cannot install big iron towers. Our 5G base station uses corrosion-resistant materials, which will not corrode for decades and will be convenient for European countries to put into use. In addition, the construction of large base stations used to require cranes, but now 5G base stations we can go up by hand. It’s very simple. 5G bandwidth is also very large, can provide a lot of high-definition content, the transmission of 8K video data is very simple, transmission costs dropped 100 times, so that ordinary people can also see ultra-high-definition television.
On December 1, 2018, SK Telecom, KT and LG U +, the three major telecom providers in Korea, launched 5G services in some parts of Korea simultaneously, and sent the first batch of 5G signals in Korea. This is the first time that a new generation of mobile communication services has been commercialized in the world. Among them, the 5G equipment of LG U + is mainly provided by Huawei.
On August 14, IHS Markit, a market research institute, sent out a report on 5G network speed measurement in Korea, which is the world’s first 5G commercial network test report. The report shows that with the help of Huawei, the 5G network service provided by Korean operator LG U + is not only the most stable, but also the fastest. Whether it is the highest download speed, the highest average download speed, or the shortest average delay, LG U + using Hua5G technology is far ahead. The maximum download speed of LG U + is 1.4 times of SKT and 1.2 times of KT, while the average minimum download time is 40% of SKT and 70% of KT. For Huawei 5G solution, LG U + said that Huawei is not only technologically advanced, but also has a high cost-effective equipment, and the actual effect is satisfactory.
“Huawei’s 5G technology can really achieve 1 million links in a square kilometer. Only when the number of links goes up, can all things interconnect.” “The low delay of Huawei 5G can make self-driving really enter people’s lives. Now China has developed a’smart car’, but we still need a’smart road’. Low latency can collect all the real-time information on the road network and transmit it to each vehicle in time, so that both the road and the vehicle can be equipped and intelligent travel can be changed from concept to reality.
Huawei Hongmeng System
On August 9, Huawei officially released its own Hongmeng operating system at the Huawei Developers’Conference held in Songshan Lake, Dongguan, Guangdong Province.
This year’s Huawei Developers’Conference, which lasts for three days, is the largest conference ever held by Huawei. It attracted 5000 technological developers. The participants discussed the global application and development of terminal industry and 5G technology, focusing on the construction of a global industrial ecological system.
Yu Chengdong, executive director of Huawei Company and CEO of consumer business, introduced that Hongmeng system is a micro-kernel-based full-scene distributed OS (operating system). It can be extended on demand to achieve broader system security. It is mainly used in the Internet of Things. Its characteristics are low latency, even up to milliseconds or sub-milliseconds.
“You asked us why we released Hongmeng OS. Since the computer was invented, we have entered the Internet era from the PC era, and then into the mobile Internet era. We are all doing the next generation of operating systems. Google and Apple are also doing it. The Hongmeng operating system we released today is also for the next generation, at the same time. In order to make modern application development compatible and integrated, bring better security, better information and higher performance. Yu Chengdong told our reporter.
In addition, Huawei has announced the evolution of Hongmeng Kernel and OS, and will take the lead in using Hongmeng OS 1.0 in smart screen products launched this year. In the next three years, besides improving related technologies, Hongmeng OS will gradually be applied in more intelligent devices such as wearable, intelligent screen, locomotive and so on.
It is worth mentioning that Hongmeng OS will open source to global developers, promote the establishment of open source foundation, establish open source community, work with developers to promote Hongmeng’s development, and make suggestions on industrial or technological development through discussion.
“We want the whole world to participate in the construction of Hongmeng OS and make Hongmeng become a world-class OS. In addition, open source can also solve the problem of trust. Then I open source Hongmeng OS everyone can see, we are open and frank. Yu Chengdong told our reporter, “In addition, open source can solve the problem of development capability, people gather firewood with high flame, let the wisdom and ability of developers all over the world participate, and create the strongest, best and next generation oriented operating system. At present, our microkernel architecture is at the forefront of the next generation of operating systems, that is to say, Hongmeng is now in the lead. Like making semiconductors, you can never lead by always following others.
Yu Chengdong said: “We believe that the introduction of Hongmeng OS will greatly enhance the vitality of the industry and ecological richness, and hope that the introduction of Hongmeng OS will bring more colorful experience for the whole scene era. We welcome global developers to actively support Hongmeng OS ecological construction and jointly create a full-scene wise life experience for consumers.
Huawei Pratt & Whitney AI
“Artificial intelligence is the big industry”
On July 31, 2019, Huawei held the handover ceremony of the flag of the “Royal Aircraft 2”, during which Ren Zhengfei gave a speech entitled “How Steel Was Refined”.
“5G provides high bandwidth and low latency. It supports artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence (AI) is the big industry.” Ren Zhengfei said in his speech, “Artificial intelligence is another opportunity to change the pattern of the information society. It needs the support of supercomputing, super-large capacity data storage and super-speed connection to achieve it.”
In fact, Huawei has begun to lay out in the field of artificial intelligence while people are warmly discussing the wide applicability of 5G.
In 2018, Huawei released the white paper GIV (Global Industry Development Vision) 2025 Opening the Intelligent World Industry Map. According to the white paper, it is expected that 100% of enterprises will connect to cloud services in 2025, 85% of enterprise applications will be deployed in the cloud, AI utilization rate will reach 86%, data utilization rate will increase dramatically to 80%, and 180 billion TB (trillion bytes) of new data will continue to create intelligence and value every year.
Last October, Huawei released two AI chips, Shengteng 910 and Shengteng 310. Rising 910 AI training is currently the single-chip computing density of the largest chip, more than twice the current strongest NVIDIA (Invidia) V100 125 T, and also beyond Google’s TPU3.0.
To accelerate the promotion of Pratt-Whitney AI, Huawei Cloud’s faster AI development platform, ModelArts, and HiLens, a visual AI application development platform with better understanding of developers, were launched in October 2018.
ModelArts is a one-stop development platform for AI developers, providing massive data preprocessing and semi-automatic annotation, large-scale distributed training, automatic model generation and end-to-side-cloud model deployment capabilities on demand. Help users quickly create and deploy models and manage full-cycle AI workflow.
On March 20, Stanford University released the latest DAWNBench List. Huawei Cloud Model Arts One-stop AI Development Platform won the championship of image recognition training and reasoning performance. It greatly reduced the training time of the model while achieving super-strong reasoning performance, reflecting its leading position in the technology of the global in-depth learning platform.